Moses proclaims the Law (Deuteronomy 12–26), gives instruction concerning covenant renewal at Shechem (Deuteronomy 27–28) and gives Israel new laws (the "Deuteronomic Code").
At the end of the book (Deuteronomy 34) Moses is allowed to see the promised land from a mountain, and then dies.
This contemporary common hypothesis among biblical scholars states that the first major comprehensive draft of the Pentateuch was composed in the late 7th or the 6th century BC (the Jahwist source), and that this was later expanded by the addition of various narratives and laws (the Priestly source) into a work very like the one existing today.The majority of Biblical scholars believe that the written books were a product of the Babylonian captivity (c. 8:3), which seems to be a contraction of a fuller name, "The Book of the Torah of God" (Neh. It ends with the death of Moses, just before the people of Israel cross to the promised land of Canaan.600 BCE), based on earlier written and oral traditions, which could only have arisen from separate communities within ancient Israel, The 1979 discovery of fragments of the Hebrew Bible (Priestly Blessing from the Book of Numbers) at Ketef Hinnom dating to the late 7th century BC, and thus to before the Babylonian captivity, is the oldest evidence of elements of the Torah which were current before the Babylonian exile. Interspersed in the narrative are the specific teachings (religious obligations and civil laws) given explicitly (i.e.One opinion holds that it was written by Moses gradually as it was dictated to him, and finished it close to his death, and the other opinion holds that Moses wrote the complete Torah in one writing close to his death, based on what was dictated to him over the years.
The Talmud (Menachot 30a) says that the last eight verses of the Torah that discuss the death and burial of Moses could not have been written by Moses, as writing it would have been a lie, and that they were written after his death by Joshua.Rabbinic writings indicate that the Oral Torah was given to Moses at Mount Sinai, which, according to the tradition of Orthodox Judaism, occurred in 1312 BC.